# Shape, Homotopy, and Attractors

Organizers:

- Jerzy Dydak (University of Tennessee)
- Danuta Kolodziejczyk (Warsaw University of Technology)
- Krystyna Kuperberg (Auburn University)
- Murat Tuncali (Nipissing University)

Schedule:

- Thursday, Jul 27 [McGill U., Burnside Hall, Room 1B39]
- 11:45 Edward Tymchatyn (University of Saskatchewan), Cell Structures
- 12:15 Vesko Valov (Nipissing University), Homogeneous finite-dimensional metric compacta
- 14:15 Ana Rechtman (Université de Strasbourg), Variations of the Kuperberg plug with positive topological entropy
- 14:45 Steve Hurder (University of Illinois at Chicago), Smooth flows with fractional entropy dimension
- 15:45 Daniel Ingebretson (University of Illinois at Chicago), Hausdorff dimension of Kuperberg minimal sets
- 16:15 Jose M. Sanjurjo (Universidad Complutense de Madrid), Perturbation of global attractors and Shape Theory
- 17:00 Francisco R. Ruiz del Portal (Universidad Complutense de Madrid), About the cohomological Conley index of isolated invariant continua
- 17:30 Rolando Jiménez Benitez (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Cuernavaca Branch), Free, proper and cellular actions of discrete groups on homotopy circles
- Friday, Jul 28 [McGill U., Burnside Hall, Room 1B39]
- 11:45 Alexander N. Dranishnikov (University of Florida), Cohomologically Strongly Infinite Dimensional Compacta
- 12:15 Danuta Kolodziejczyk (Warsaw University of Technology), Cartesian Powers of Shapes of FANR's and Polyhedra
- 14:15 Sergey Antonyan (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México), Characterizing G-A(N)R spaces by means of $H$-fixed point sets
- 14:45 Natalia Jonard-Perez (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México), Groups of affine transformations acting on hyperspaces of compact convex subsets of $\mathbb R^n$
- 15:45 Joanna Furno (Indiana University–Purdue University Indianapolis), Ultrafilter constructions for group topologies
- 16:15 James E. Keesling (University of Florida), Spaces all of whose loops are small
- 17:00 Boris Goldfarb (State University of New York at Albany), Extension and non-extension theorems for coarse properties of metric spaces
- 17:30 Jerzy Dydak (University of Tennessee), Extension theorems for large scale spaces via neighborhood operators

- Edward Tymchatyn

University of SaskatchewanCell StructuresA graph is a discrete set equipped with a symmetric and reflexive relation. A cell structure is an inverse system of graphs with some mild convergence conditions. We showed recently that every topologically complete space can be obtained as the perfect image of the inverse limit of a cell structure and continuous functions between topologically complete spaces are induced by cell maps between cell structures. So topologically complete spaces and their continuous mappings can be obtained by taking inverse limits of systems of discrete approximations. This work may be thought of as improving on and extending Hausdorff's completion of a metric space and Gleason's work on absolutes of compact metric spaces. Traditionally topologically complete spaces and their mappings were obtained using inverse systems or resolutions of polyhedra or ANRs. We believe our work offers advantages over the traditional approaches because we work with 0-dimensional inverse limits so we can take all diagrams in our inverse systems to be commutative unlike in the traditional approaches. Coauthor: Wojciech Debski - Vesko Valov

Nipissing UniversityHomogeneous finite-dimensional metric compactaSome properties of homogeneous finite-dimensional metric compacta, predominantly $ANR$'s, will be provided. More specially, the local homological and cohomological properties of such spaces will be considered. The well-know questions about the existence of homogeneous finite-dimensional compact metric $AR$'s, and the dimensional full-valuedness of homogeneous $ANR$'s will be also discussed. - Ana Rechtman

Université de StrasbourgVariations of the Kuperberg plug with positive topological entropyA theorem of Katok implies that any aperiodic flow on a compact 3-manifold has zero topological entropy. Aperiodic flows can be constructed using the celebrated construction of Krystyna Kuperberg's plug. I will present a one-parameter family of plugs, containing the Kuperberg plug, plugs with simple dynamics (in the sense that the maximal invariant set is a cylinder) and plugs whose flow has positive topological entropy. This is joint work with Steve Hurder. - Steve Hurder

University of Illinois at ChicagoSmooth flows with fractional entropy dimensionThe fractional entropy dimension of a smooth flow, as introduced by Katok and Thouvenot, is a measure of the chaotic behavior of the flow at intermediate growth rates, between 0 and 1. A flow with positive topological entropy has entropy dimension equal to 1, while an isometric flow has entropy dimension zero. The aperiodic flows on compact 3-manifolds obtained via the celebrated construction of Krystyna Kuperberg, and called Kuperberg flows, necessarily have zero topological entropy by a theorem of Katok. In the study of the dynamics of these flows by Ana Rechtman and the presenter, it was shown that a generic Kuperberg flow has entropy dimension at least 1/2. In this work, I will show how to construct non-generic smooth Kuperberg flows which have entropy dimension 0 < d < 1/2, where d can be chosen arbitrarily small. We also state a conjecture relating the entropy dimension with the unstable shape properties of the unique minimal set. - Daniel Ingebretson

University of Illinois at ChicagoHausdorff dimension of Kuperberg minimal setsThe Seifert conjecture was answered negatively in 1993 by Kuperberg who constructed a smooth aperiodic flow on a three-manifold. This construction was later found to contain a minimal set with a complicated topology. This minimal set is embedded as a lamination by surfaces with a Cantor transversal of Lebesgue measure zero. In this talk we will discuss the pseudogroup dynamics on the transversal, the induced symbolic dynamics, and the Hausdorff dimension of the Cantor set. - Jose M. Sanjurjo

Universidad Complutense de MadridPerturbation of global attractors and Shape TheoryWe study continuous parametrized families of dissipative flows, which are those flows having a global attractor. The main motivation for this study comes from the observation that, in general, global attractors are not robust, in the sense that small perturbations of the flow can destroy their globality. We give a necessary and sufficient condition for a global attractor to be continued to a global attractor. We also study, using shape theoretical methods and the Conley index, the bifurcation global to non-global. We analyze, in particular, the case of coercive families, for which the bifurcation is originated by the creation of a non-saddle continuum with spherical shape. These results have been obtained in collaboration with Hector Barge. - Francisco R. Ruiz del Portal

Universidad Complutense de MadridAbout the cohomological Conley index of isolated invariant continuaI will present the cohomological Conley index associated to an isolated invariant continuum $X$ of a homeomorphism $f$ and I shall discuss it in terms of the Cech cohomology groups of the unstable manifold. I'll give some consequences about the fixed point index of $f$ at $X$. (Joint work with L. Hernández-Corbato and J.J. Sánchez-Gabites.) - Rolando Jiménez Benitez

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Cuernavaca BranchFree, proper and cellular actions of discrete groups on homotopy circles\noindent Let $G\times \Sigma(1)\to \Sigma(1)$ be a free, proper and cellular action of a group $G$ on a finite dimensional $CW$-complex $\Sigma(1)$ that has the homotopy type of the circle. We determine all virtually cyclic groups $G$ that act on $\Sigma(1)$ together with the induced action $G \to \mbox{Aut}(H^1(\Sigma(1),\mathbb{Z}))$, and we classify the orbit spaces $\Sigma(1)/G$. \bigskip \noindent This is a joint work with M. Golasinski and D. Goncalves. - Alexander N. Dranishnikov

University of FloridaCohomologically Strongly Infinite Dimensional CompactaGiven a coefficient ring $R$ we define a cohomological version of strongly infinite dimensional compacta ($R$-SID). Compacta which are not $R$-SID are called cohomologically weakly infinite dimensional ($R$-WID). We show the $R$-acyclicity of the complement $Q\setminus X$ in the Hilbert cube $Q$ of a $R$-WID compactum $X$. As a corollary we obtain the $R$-acyclicity of the complement results when (a) $X$ is weakly infinite dimensional; (b) $X$ has finite cohomological dimension with respect to $R$. This is a joint work with A. Amarasinghe - Danuta Kolodziejczyk

Warsaw University of TechnologyCartesian Powers of Shapes of FANR's and PolyhedraThe Cartesian product Sh$(X)$ $\times$ Sh$(Y)$ of the shapes of compacta $X$ and $Y$ is defined as Sh$(X \times Y)$. Then Sh$(X)$ and Sh$(Y)$ are called factors of Sh$(X \times Y)$. Similarly one defines product and factors of pointed shapes of compacta, and factors in the homotopy category. We prove that, if $(X,x) \in FANR$ and Sh$^{n}(X,x) = $Sh$(X,x)$, for some $2 \leq n \in N$, then Sh$(X, x) = 1$. This resolves positively a problem of J. Dydak, A. Kadlof, S. Nowak [3]. Furthermore, if $(X,x) \in FANR$, then $(X,x)$ cannot be a proper factor of itself. The same results we get for polyhedra in the homotopy category of $CW$-complexes. (In particular, on $ANR's$ shape and homotopy theory coincide.) Thus, the answer to the following question of K. Borsuk [2] is positive: Is it true that if $X \in ANR$ and Sh$^{n}(X, x) = $Sh$(X,x)$, for some $2 \leq n \in N$, then $X \in AR$? An equivalent problem was also published in [1, Problem (7.13), p. 142]. Some related results and open problems in the homotopy category of $CW$-complexes, in the shape category of compacta, and on finitely presented groups, are also discussed. REFERENCES [1] K. Borsuk, Theory of Shape, Polish Scientific Publishers 59, Warsaw, 1975. [2] K. Borsuk, Theory of Shape, Lecture Notes Series, 28. Matematisk Institut, Aarhus Universitet, Aarhus, 1971. [3] J. Dydak, A. Kadlof, S. Nowak, Open Problems in Shape Theory, University of Warsaw, 1981. - Sergey Antonyan

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoCharacterizing G-A(N)R spaces by means of $H$-fixed point setsFor a Lie group $G$, we study equivariant extension properties of proper (in the sense of R. Palais) $G$-spaces. Generalizing results of J. Jaworowski and R. Lashof, we shall present in the talk characterizations of $G$-A(N)R spaces in terms of the $H$-fixed point sets, where $H$ runs all the compact subgroups of $G$. Related open problems will be discussed. - Natalia Jonard-Perez

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoGroups of affine transformations acting on hyperspaces of compact convex subsets of $\mathbb R^n$Let $n\geq 2$. We will denote by Aff$(n)$ the group of all affine transformations of $\mathbb R^n$ while $cc(\mathbb R^n)$ will be the hyperspace of all compact convex subsets of $\mathbb R^n$ equipped with the Hausdorff distance topology. In this talk we are interested in showing how the topology of certain subspaces of $cc(\mathbb{R}^n)$ is directly related to the geometry of the action of a specific subgroup of Aff$(n)$. Understanding the dynamic of such action allows us to give a concrete description of the subspace's topology. On the other hand, by studying the topology of the orbit spaces generated by the action of some subgroups of Aff$(n)$ on certain subspaces of $cc(\mathbb R^{n})$ we get some interesting results. In this line, we show that the orbit spaces $cb(\mathbb R^{n})/$Aff$(n)$ and $cc_1(\mathbb R^n)/$Sim$(n)$ (where Sim$(n)$ stands for the group of all similarities of $\mathbb R^n$) are both homeomorphic to the Banach-Mazur compactum $BM(n)$. Furthermore, if $E(n)$ denotes de Euclidean group, the orbit space $cc(\mathbb R^n)/E(n)$ (which corresponds with the Gromov-Hausdorff hyperspace of all compact convex subsets of $\mathbb R^n$) is homeomorphic to the open cone over $BM(n)$. Many of the results presented in this talk were obtained in a joint work with Sergey Antonyan. - Joanna Furno

Indiana University–Purdue University IndianapolisUltrafilter constructions for group topologiesWe begin by using ultrafilters to construct different topologies for profinite groups that are not strongly complete. Then we study the implications of these constructions for actions of profinite groups on Hilbert spaces. In particular, we use Hilbert space as a concrete example of a generalized cover space and find examples of groups of deck transformations with different topologies. - James E. Keesling

University of FloridaSpaces all of whose loops are smallThere is a long history of trying to generalize covering spaces. A recent flurry of work on the subject has revived interest. There are spaces which are an obstacle in this study, namely, those spaces having the property that all loops are small. These spaces have no covering spaces. They deserve special consideration since any theory of generalized covering spaces must take them into account. In this talk we show that if $G$ is any group, then there is a pointed space $(X,x_0)$ having the property that all loops are small and such that $\pi_1(X,x_0) \cong G$. The space $X$ that we construct is not metrizable. In fact, it cannot be metrizable in general since there is no space $(X,x_0)$ with all loops small such that $X$ is first-countable at $x_0$ and with $\pi_1(X,x_0) \cong \mathbb{Z}$. On the other hand, we have other constructions of such spaces for certain groups $G$ for which $X$ is metrizable. We will elaborate on these results and relate them to other work being done on generalized covering spaces. - Boris Goldfarb

State University of New York at AlbanyExtension and non-extension theorems for coarse properties of metric spacesThere is a collection of large scale properties of metric spaces that are popular in topology related to the Novikov, Farrell-Jones, and Baum-Connes conjectures. They include finiteness of the asymptotic dimension of Gromov, finite decomposition complexity of Guentner-Tessera-Yu, asymptotic property C of Dranishnikov, property A of Yu. We generalize well-known extension theorems for these properties and prove some new results. We also show how some natural relaxation of assumptions makes the extension statements fail. We also promote the following idea: even the relaxed extension constructions allow to run variants of familiar proofs of the Novikov conjecture, in particular. From this perspective, non-extension results are very desirable because they should help to enlarge the class of groups satisfying the conjectures. This is joint work with Susan Beckhardt. - Jerzy Dydak

University of TennesseeExtension theorems for large scale spaces via neighborhood operatorsCoarse geometry is the study of the large scale behavior of spaces. The motivation for studying such behavior comes mainly from index theory and geometric group theory. In this talk we introduce the notion of (hybrid) large scale normality for large scale spaces and prove analogues of Urysohn’s Lemma and the Tietze Extension Theorem for spaces with this property, where continuous maps are replaced by (continuous and) slowly oscillating maps. To do so, we first prove a general form of each of these results in the context of a set equipped with a neighborhood operator satisfying certain axioms, from which we obtain both the classical topological results and the (hybrid) large scale results as corollaries. We prove that all metric spaces are large scale normal, and give some examples of spaces which are not hybrid large scale normal. Finally, we look at some properties of Higson coronas of a hybrid large scale normal spaces. Joint work with Thomas Weighill.