# Operator Theory on Function Spaces

Organizers:
• Zeljko Cuckovic (University of Toledo)
• Nikolai Vasilevski (CINVESTAV)
• Nina Zorboska (University of Manitoba)
• Dmitry Khavinson
University of South Florida, USA
Vanishing of reproducing kernels in spaces of analytic functions
In most situations we are accustomed to , e.g., Bergman and Hardy spaces in the disk, the reproducing kernels do not vanish. Neither they do if we consider the later spaces with fairly general weights, for example comprised from moduluses of analytic functions. Yet in the "cut-off spaces" formed by polynomials of degree less or equal to n this is not necessarily true. We shall discuss what is known and the numerous compelling open problems that remain.
• Raul Curto
University of Iowa, USA
A New Necessary Condition for the Hyponormality of Toeplitz Operators on the Bergman Space
A well known result of C. Cowen states that, for a symbol $\varphi \in L^{\infty }, \; \varphi \equiv \bar{f}+g \;\;(f,g\in H^{2})$, the Toeplitz operator $T_{\varphi }$ acting on the Hardy space of the unit circle is hyponormal if and only if $f=c+T_{\bar{h}}g,$ for some $c\in {\mathbb C}$, $h\in H^{\infty }$, $\left\| h\right\| _{\infty}\leq 1.$ In this talk we consider possible versions of this result in the Bergman space case. Concretely, we consider Toeplitz operators on the Bergman space of the unit disk, with symbols of the form $$\varphi \equiv \alpha z^n+\beta z^m +\gamma \overline z ^p + \delta \overline z ^q,$$ where $\alpha, \beta, \gamma, \delta \in \mathbb{C}$ and $m,n,p,q \in \mathbb{Z}_+$, $m < n$ and $p < q$. By studying the asymptotic behavior of the action of $T_{\varphi}$ on a particular sequence of vectors, we obtain a sharp inequality involving the above mentioned data. This inequality improves a number of existing results, and it is intended to be a precursor of basic necessary conditions for joint hyponormality of tuples of Toeplitz operators acting on Bergman spaces in one or several complex variables.
• Lewis Coburn
SUNY at Buffalo, USA
Toeplitz Quantization
I discuss some recent work with Wolfram Bauer and Raffael Hagger. Here, $C^n$ is complex n-space and, for z in $C^n$, we consider the standard family of Gaussian measures $d\mu_{t} (z) = (4\pi t)^{-n} exp(-|z|^{2}/4t)dv(z), t > 0$ where $dv$ is Lebesgue measure. We consider the Hilbert space $L^{2}_{t}$ of all $\mu_{t}$-square integrable complex-valued measurable functions on $C^n$ and the closed subspace of all square-integrable entire functions, $H^{2}_{t}$. For $f$ measurable and $h$ in $H^{2}_{t}$ with $fh$ in $L^{2}_{t}$, we consider the Toeplitz operators $T^{(t)}_{f} h = P^{(t)} (fh)$ where $P^{(t)}$ is the orthogonal projection from $L^{2}_{t}$ onto $H^{2}_{t}$. For bounded $f$ ($f$ in $L^{\infty}$) and some unbounded $f$, these are bounded operators with norm $|| \cdot ||_{t}$. For $f, g$ bounded, with sufficiently many" bounded derivatives, there are known deformation quantization conditions, including $(0) lim_{t \rightarrow 0}|| T^{(t)}_{f}||_{t} = ||f||_{\infty}$ and $(1) lim_{t \rightarrow 0} ||T^{(t)}_{f} T^{(t)}_{g} - T^{(t)}_{fg} ||_{t} = 0$. We exhibit a pair of bounded real-analytic functions $F, G$ so that $(1)$ fails. On the positive side, for the space $VMO$ of functions with vanishing mean oscillation, we show that $(1)$ holds for all $f$ in (the sup-norm closed algebra) $VMO \cap L^{\infty}$ and $g$ in $L^{\infty}$. $(1)$ also holds for all $f$ in $UC$ (uniformly continuous functions, bounded or not) while $(0)$ holds for all bounded continuous $f$.
• Nikolai Vasilevski
CINVESTAV, Mexico
Toeplitz operators defined by sesquilinear forms
The classical theory of Toeplitz operators in spaces of analytic functions (Hardy, Bergman, Fock, etc spaces) deals usually with symbols that are bounded measurable functions on the domain in question. A further extension of the theory was made for symbols being unbounded functions, measures, and compactly supported distributions. For reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces we describe a certain common pattern, based on the language of sesquilinear forms, that permits us to introduce a further substantial extension of a class of admissible symbols that generate bounded Toeplitz operators. Although the approach is unified for all reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces, for concrete operator consideration in this talk we restrict ourselves to Toeplitz operators acting on the standard Fock and Bergman spaces, as well as, on the Herglotz space of solutions of the Helmholtz equation. The talk is based on a joint work with Grigori Rozenblum, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
• Trieu Le
University of Toledo, USA
Commutants of Separately Radial Toeplitz Operators on the Bergman Space
If $\varphi$ is a bounded separately radial function on the unit ball, the Toeplitz operator $T_{\varphi}$ is diagonalizable with respect to the standard orthogonal basis of monomials on the Bergman space. Given such a function $\varphi$, we characterize bounded functions $\psi$ for which $T_{\psi}$ commutes with $T_{\varphi}$. Several examples will be discussed to illustrate our results.
• Nina Zorboska
University of Manitoba
Intrinsic operators on spaces of holomorphic functions
I will talk about the boundedness and compactness of a large class of operators, mapping from general Banach spaces of holomorphic functions into the so called growth spaces. This class of operators contains some widely studied specific operators such as, for example, the composition, the multiplication, and the integral operators. I will present few results which generalize the previously known specific cases, and which show that the boundedness and compactness of the class of intrinsic operators depends largely on the behaviour over the point evaluation functions.
The Gleason--Kahane--Zelazko theorem for modules
Let $T: H^p \to H^p$ be a linear mapping (no continuity assumption). What can we say about $T$ if we assume that it preserves outer functions''? Another related question is to consider linear functionals $T: H^p \to \mathbb{C}$ (again, no continuity assumption) and ask about those functionals whose kernels do not include any outer function. We study such questions via an abstract result which can be interpreted as the generalized Gleason--Kahane--\.Zelazko theorem for modules. In particular, we see that continuity of endomorphisms and functionals is a part of the conclusion. This is a joint work with T. Ransford.
• Ruhan Zhao
SUNY at Brockport, USA
Closures of Hardy and Hardy-Sobolev spaces in the Bloch type space on the unit ball
For $0<\alpha<\infty$, $0< p<\infty$ and $0< s<\infty$, we characterize the closures in the $\alpha$-Bloch norm of $\alpha$-Bloch functions that are in a Hardy space $H^p$ and in a Hardy-Sobolev space $H^p_s$ on the unit ball of $\mathbb C^n$. This is a joint work with Jasbir Singh Manhas.
• Raphael Clouatre
Annihilating ideals and spectra for commuting row contractions
We investigate the relationship between an ideal of multipliers and the spectra of operators on Hilbert space annihilated by the ideal. This relationship is well-known and especially transparent in the single variable case, but we focus on the multivariate situation and the associated function theoretic framework of the Drury-Arveson space. Recent advances in the structure of multipliers are leveraged to obtain a description of the spectrum of a commuting row contraction annihilated by a given ideal.
• Michael Stessin
SUNY at Albany, USA
Spectral characterization of representations of symmetry groups
Joint work with Z.Cuckovic. Joint projective spectra of operator tuples generalize projective determinantal hypersurfaces that have been studied since 1920s. It was shown in a recent paper of Stessin and Tchernev that the appearance of certain quadrics in two-dimensional sections of joint spectrum of a tuple of self-adjoint operators implies the existence of subspace invariant for the tuples such that the group generated by restrictions of the operators to this subspace represents a Coxeter group. We further investigate the connection between determinantal hypersurfaces and representations of Symmetry groups. Our main result is stated as follows. Theorem. Let $G$ be one of the groups $A_n$, $B_n$ or a dihedral group $Ip(n)$ and let $\rho_1$ and $\rho_2$ be two representations of $G$. If the join projective spectra of images of Coxeter generators of $G$ under $\rho_1$ and $\rho_2$ are the same, $$\sigma(\rho_1(w_1),...,\rho_1(w_n),I)=\sigma(\rho_2(w_1),...,\rho_2(w_n),I),$$ then $\rho_1$ and $\rho_2$ are equivalent.
• Thomas Ransford
Universite Laval
Cyclicity in the harmonic Dirichlet space
The harmonic Dirichlet space $\mathcal{D}(\mathbb{T})$ is the Hilbert space of functions $f\in L^2(\mathbb{T})$ such that $$\|f\|_{\mathcal{D}(\mathbb{T})}^2:=\sum_{n\in\mathbb{Z}}(1+|n|)|\hat{f}(n)|^2<\infty.$$ We give sufficient conditions for $f$ to be cyclic in $\mathcal{D}(\mathbb{T})$, in other words, for $\{\zeta ^nf(\zeta):\ n\geq 0\}$ to span a dense subspace of $\mathcal{D}(\mathbb{T})$. (Joint work with E. Abakumov, O. El-Fallah and K. Kellay.)
• Catherine Beneteau
University of South Florida, USA
Zeros of optimal polynomial approximants in Dirichlet-type spaces
In this talk, I will discuss certain polynomials that are optimal approximants of inverses of functions in growth restricted analytic function spaces of the unit disk. I will examine the structure of the zeros of these optimal approximants and in particular study an extremal problem whose solution is related to Jacobi matrices and real orthogonal polynomials on the real line.
• Raul Quiroga-Barranco
CIMAT, Mexico
Toeplitz operators, special symbols and moment maps
Let us denote by $\mathbb{P}^n(\mathbb{C})$ the $n$-dimensional complex projective space. Our setup considers the weighted Bergman spaces over $\mathbb{P}^n(\mathbb{C})$ and their corresponding Toeplitz operators. Among the latter, we have special interest on those Toeplitz operators whose symbols are quasi-radial and quasi-homogeneous. Generally speaking, this means that, in a certain sense, the symbols depend only on the radial and spherical parts of subsets of the homogeneous coordinates. It turns out that such symbols, and thus their Toeplitz operators, can be related to the structure of toric manifold on $\mathbb{P}^n(\mathbb{C})$. We will describe such topological and geometric relationships. This is joint work with M. A. Morales-Ramos and A. Sanchez-Nungaray.
• Yunus Zeytuncu
University of Michigan-Dearborn
Compactness of Hankel and Toeplitz operators on domains in $\mathbb{C}^n$
In this talk, I will present various characterizations of compactness of some canonical operators on domains in $\mathbb{C}^n$. I will highlight how complex geometry of the boundary of the domain plays a role in these characterizations. In particular, I will prove that on smooth bounded pseudoconvex Hartogs domains in $\mathbb{C}^2$ compactness of the $\overline{\partial}$-Neumann operator is equivalent to compactness of all Hankel operators with symbols smooth on the closure of the domain. The talk is based on recent joint projects with \u{Z}eljko \u{C}u\u{c}kovi\'c and S\"{o}nmez \c{S}ahuto\u{g}lu.
• Maribel Loaiza
CINVESTAV, Mexico
On Toeplitz operators on the poly harmonic Bergman space
Consider the upper half plane $\Pi$ with the Lebesgue measure. Although the harmonic Bergman space $b^2(\Pi)$ is represented in terms of the Bergman and the anti-Bergman spaces, Toeplitz operators acting on $b^2(\Pi)$ behave different from those acting on the Bergman space. For example, contrary to the case of the Bergman space, the C*-algebra generated by Toeplitz operators with homogeneous symbols acting on the harmonic Bergman space is not commutative. On the other hand, the harmonic Bergman space is contained in each poly harmonic Bergman space, thus, it is natural to study Toeplitz operators acting on the last spaces. With this in mind, in this talk we study the C*-algebra generated by Toeplitz operators with homogeneous symbols acting on the poly harmonic Bergman space of the upper half plane.
• Armando Sanchez-Nungaray
We describe several ways of how the symbols, subordinated to the nilpotent group of biholomorphisms of the unit ball (i.e., invariant under the action of a subgroup of the nilpotent group), generate Banach (and even $C^*$) algebras that are commutative on each weighted Bergman space. Recall for completeness that the nilpotent group of biholomorphisms of the Siegel domain $D_n$, the unbounded realization of the unit ball in $\mathbb{C}^n$, is isomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^{n-1} \times \mathbb{R}_+$ with the following group action \begin{equation*} (b,h)\, : \ (z',z_n) \in D_n \ \longmapsto \ (z'+b, z_n + h + 2iz'\cdot b + i|b|^2) \in D_n, \end{equation*} for each $(b,h) \in \mathbb{R}^{n-1} \times \mathbb{R}_+$. The key role in our study is played by the direct integral decomposition of the isomorphic image of the Bergman space on the Siegel domain, which is direct integral where each component is a weighted Fock spaces. We describe the action of Toeplitz operators with certain symbols as a direct integral of scalar multiplication operators and a direct integral of Toeplitz operators with the same symbol on the weighted Fock spaces. Note that all the above symbols are invariant under the action of the subgroup $\mathbb{R}^{\ell} \times \mathbb{R}_+$ ($\ell < n-1$) of the nilpotent group.