# Galois Representations and Automorphic Forms

Organizers:

- Daniel Barrera Salazar (Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya)
- Lucio Guerberoff (University College London)
- Adrian Iovita (Concordia University)
- Ricardo Menares Valencia (Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaíso)

Schedule:

- Tuesday, Jul 25 [McGill U., Rutherford Physics Building, Room 115]
- 11:45 Ariel Pacetti (Universidad de Buenos Aires), Non-paritious Hilbert modular forms
- 12:30 Gonzalo Tornaría (Universidad de la Republica, Montevideo, Uruguay), Waldspurger formula for Hilbert modular forms
- 14:30 Luis Lomelí (Pontífica Universidad Católica de Valparaíso), Globalization of supercuspidal representations over function fields and applications
- 15:45 Ricardo Menares (Pontífica Universidad Católica de Valparaíso), Non-optimal levels of reducible mod l Galois representations
- 16:30 Claus Sorensen (University of California, San Diego), Insensitivity of deformation rings under parabolic induction
- 17:15 Aftab Pande (Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro), Reductions of Galois Representations
- Wednesday, Jul 26 [McGill U., Rutherford Physics Building, Room 115]
- 11:15 Ellen Eischen (University of Oregon), Automorphic forms, congruences, and p-adic L-functions
- 13:30 Daniel Barrera Salazar (Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya), On the exceptional zeros of p-adic L-functions of Hilbert modular forms
- 14:15 Matías Victor Moya Giusti (Max Planck Institute for Mathematics), Ghost classes in the cohomology of the Shimura variety associated to GSp(4)
- 15:00 Florence Gillibert (Pontífica Universidad Católica de Valparaíso), Abelian surfaces with quaternionic multiplication, and rational points on Atkin-Lehner quotients of Shimura curves
- 16:15 Daniel Kohen (Universidad de Buenos Aires), Heegner point constructions

- Ariel Pacetti

Universidad de Buenos AiresNon-paritious Hilbert modular formsBuzzard and Gee have formulated a conjecture predicting the existence of Galois representations attached to automorphic representations of reductive groups over number fields that are “L-algebraic” (a condition on the local factors at the infinite places). We investigate this conjecture for the automorphic representations generated by Hilbert modular eigenforms whose weights are not all congruent modulo 2. These are not L-algebraic as automorphic representations of $GL_2$; but we show that they become L-algebraic after restriction to suitable subgroups intermediate between $GL_2$ and $SL_2$ , and we construct the Galois representations into the corresponding L-groups predicted by the Buzzard–Gee conjecture. We will describe algorithms for computing these non-paritious Hilbert modular forms using definite quaternion algebras, and we give an explicit example of such an eigenform of weight $(4, 3)$ over the field $Q(\sqrt{2})$. - Gonzalo Tornaría

Universidad de la Republica, Montevideo, UruguayWaldspurger formula for Hilbert modular formsIn this talk we will describe a construction of preimages for the Shimura map on Hilbert modular and explain how we obtain an explicit Waldspurger type formula relating their Fourier coefficients to central values of twisted $L$-functions. Our construction is inspired by that of Gross and applies to any nontrivial level and arbitrary base field, subject to certain conditions on the Atkin-Lehner eigenvalues and on the weight. This is joint work with Nicolás Sirolli. - Luis Lomelí

Pontífica Universidad Católica de ValparaísoGlobalization of supercuspidal representations over function fields and applicationsLet $H$ be a connected reductive group defined over a non-archimedean local field $F$ of characteristic $p>0$. Using Poincaré series, we globalize supercuspidal representations of $H_F$ in such a way that we have control over ramification at all other places, and such that the notion of distinction with respect to a unipotent subgroup (indeed more general subgroups) is preserved. In combination with the work of Vincent Lafforgue on the global Langlands correspondence, we present applications, such as the stability of Langlands-Shahidi $\gamma$-factors and the local Langlands correspondence for classical groups. - Ricardo Menares

Pontífica Universidad Católica de ValparaísoNon-optimal levels of reducible mod l Galois representationsLet $l\geq 5$ be a prime number and let $\rho : Gal(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q}) \rightarrow GL_2(\overline{\mathbb{F}}_l)$ be a semisimple, odd, continuous, Galois representation. When $\rho$ is irreducible, deep works by many people, culminating in Khare and Wintenberger's proof of Serre's conjectures, ensure that $\rho$ is modular and that the level of a modular form giving rise to it can be taken to be equal to the Serre conductor of $\rho$. Such level is 'optimal' in that every other prime-to-$l$ admissible level is a multiple of it. Moreover, Diamond and Taylor gave a complete classification of such admissible multiples, that were called 'non-optimal levels'. In this talk, we address the case where $\rho$ is semisimple, odd, continuous and $reducible$. The modularity in this case can be established by elementary methods, that boil down to study congruences between Eisenstein series and cuspidal Hecke eigenforms. An important difference is that the Serre conductor is not always an admissible level. We will present partial results on criteria for the existence of the optimal level and on level-rasing theorems toward the classification of the corresponding non-optimal levels. Such results are valid in weight $k \geq 4$ and can be used to estimate the degree of the field of coefficients of newforms. This is joint work with Nicolas Billerey. - Claus Sorensen

University of California, San DiegoInsensitivity of deformation rings under parabolic inductionOne of the characteristics of the $p$-adic local Langlands correspondence is that it relates deformations of Galois representations to those of mod $p$ representations of $\text{GL}(2)$ over $\Bbb{Q}_p$. For a general $p$-adic reductive group $G$ the deformations of its mod $p$ representations are not very well understood. Often the universal deformation ring exists as a pseudocompact ring, but it is not known to be Noetherian in general. In this talk we will present some modest steps towards a better understanding of these rings. For instance, that they are insensitive to parabolic induction. In view of the recent classification of Abe, Herzig, Henniart, and Vigneras, this reduces many questions (such as Noetheriannity) to the case of supersingulars. Our main result is an application of Hauseux's computation of Emerton's higher ordinary parts for parabolically induced representations. This is joint work with Julien Hauseux and Tobias Schmidt. - Aftab Pande

Universidade Federal do Rio de JaneiroReductions of Galois RepresentationsUsing the mod $p$ Local Langlands correspondence for $GL_2(Q_p)$, we describe the semisimplification of the mod $p$ reduction of certain $2$-dimensional crystalline representations of slope $(2,3)$. This is joint work with Enno Nagel. - Ellen Eischen

University of OregonAutomorphic forms, congruences, and p-adic L-functionsOne approach to studying the p-adic behavior of L-functions relies on understanding p-adic properties of certain automorphic forms, for example congruences satisfied by their Fourier coefficients. In this talk, I will provide an introduction to key techniques used in several constructions of p-adic L-functions. I will start with the earliest examples of p-adic L-functions (due to Serre, Leopoldt, and Kubota) and conclude by mentioning a recently completed construction of myself, Harris, Li, and Skinner. - Daniel Barrera Salazar

Universitat Politecnica de CatalunyaOn the exceptional zeros of p-adic L-functions of Hilbert modular formsThe use of modular symbols to attach p-adic L-functions to Hecke eigenforms goes back to the work of Manin et al in the 70s. In the 90s, Stevens developed his theory of overconvergent modular symbols, which was successfully used to construct p-adic L-functions on the eigenvariety. In this talk we will present a work in collaboration with Mladen Dimitrov and Andrei Jorza in which we generalize this approach to the Hilbert modular setting and prove new instances of the exceptional zero conjecture. - Matías Victor Moya Giusti

Max Planck Institute for MathematicsGhost classes in the cohomology of the Shimura variety associated to GSp(4)We will introduce the definition of ghost classes and we are going to explain some methods to study their existence in the cohomology of Shimura varieties. Finally we will discuss the results obtained when applying these methods to the Shimura variety associated to GSp(4). - Florence Gillibert

Pontífica Universidad Católica de ValparaísoAbelian surfaces with quaternionic multiplication, and rational points on Atkin-Lehner quotients of Shimura curvesLet $ D $ be the product of an even number of primes and $N$ an integer prime to $D$. We are interested in two problems: proving for large families of pairs $( D,N )$ the triviality of rational points of Atkin-Lehner's quotients of Shimura curves of discriminant $D$ and level $N$, and proving for large families of pairs $( D,N )$, that there is no geometrically simple abelian surface $A/\mathbb{Q}$ with multiplication, over a quadratic imaginary field, by a maximal order $O_D$ in a quaternion algebra of discriminant $D$ and endowed with a rational isogeny of degree $N^2$ with the kernel $O_D$-cyclic and isomorphic to $( \mathbb{Z} / N \mathbb{Z} )^2$. We shall speak about two results related with these problems: First: let $p, q$ be prime numbers. We consider the quotient of the Shimura curve $X_0^{pq}( 1 )$, of discriminant $ pq $ and level 1, by the Atkin-Lehner involution $w_q$. We show that the quotient of $X^{pq}$ by $w_q$ has no rational point for $q>245$ and $ p $ large enough compared to $q$, in the "cas non ramifié de Ogg" $p\equiv 1\mod 4$ and $q\equiv 3 \mod 4$ and $\left( \frac{p}{q} \right)=-1$. Second: for a fixed quaternion algebra $B_D$ of discriminant $D$ and a fixed quadratic imaginary field $K$, we find an effective bound for prime $l$ such that there exists a $\Gamma_0( l )$ level structure over $GL_2$-type geometrically simple abelian surfaces $A/\mathbb{Q}$ having multiplication by a maximal order of $B_D$ over $K$. - Daniel Kohen

Universidad de Buenos AiresHeegner point constructionsGiven a rational elliptic curve $E$ and an imaginary quadratic field $K$ that satisfies the so called Heegner hypothesis, we can construct points on $E$ defined over abelian extensions of $K$ called Heegner points. These points, that can be explicitly computed, are crucial in order to understand the arithmetic of the elliptic curve. Whenever the sign of the functional equation of $E/K$ is $-1$ we expect to find analogues of Heegner points, even if the Heegner hypothesis is not satisfied, according to a conjecture of Darmon. The main goal of this talk is to show how to obtain these points in both a computational and theoretical way in all cases where we expect a construction to take place in an unramified quaternion algebra.