# Advances in Algebraic and Analytic Number Theory

Organizers:

- Amita Malik (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)
- Greg Martin (University of British Columbia)
- Caroline Turnage-Butterbaugh (Duke University)

Schedule:

- Tuesday, Jul 25 [McGill U., Rutherford Physics Building, Room 114]
- 11:45 Damaris Schindler (Utrecht University, The Netherlands), On integral points on degree four del Pezzo surfaces
- 12:15 Amalia Pizarro Madariaga (Universidad de Valparaíso, Chile), Irreducible characters with bounded root Artin conductor
- 14:15 Emanuel Carneiro (IMPA, Brazil), Fourier optimization problems in number theory
- 14:45 Arindam Roy (Rice University, USA), On the distribution of imaginary parts of zeros of derivatives of the Riemann $\xi$-function
- 15:45 Akshaa Vatwani (University of Waterloo, Canada), Twin primes and the parity problem
- 16:15 Nathan Ng (University of Lethbridge, Canada), The sixth moment of the Riemann zeta function and ternary additive divisor sums
- 17:00 Piper Harron (University of Hawaii, USA), Shapes of Galois Quartic Number Fields
- 17:30 Ari Shnidman (Boston College, USA), Quadratic twists of an elliptic curve admitting a 3-isogeny
- Wednesday, Jul 26 [McGill U., Rutherford Physics Building, Room 114]
- 11:15 Olga Balkanova (University of Turku, Finland), Non-vanishing of automorphic L-functions in the weight aspect
- 11:45 Luis Lomeli (Universidad de Valparaíso, Chile), Asai cube L-functions and the local Langlands correspondence
- 13:45 Leo Goldmakher (Williams College, USA), The P\'{o}lya-Vinogradov Inequality
- 14:15 Victor Cuauhtémoc Garcia (Metropolitan Autonomous University, Mexico), Additive basis with coefficients of newforms
- 14:45 Ayla Gafni (University of Rochester, USA), Pair correlation statistics in subsets of the integers
- 15:15 Sun Kim (University of Illinois, USA), Sums of squares and Bessel functions
- 16:15 Amanda Tucker (University of Rochester, USA), Statistics of genus numbers of cubic fields
- 16:45 Jhon Jairo Bravo Grijalba (University of Cauca, Colombia), Linear forms in k-Fibonacci sequences

- Damaris Schindler

Utrecht University, The NetherlandsOn integral points on degree four del Pezzo surfacesWe report on our investigations concerning algebraic and transcendental Brauer-Manin obstructions to integral points on complements of a hyperplane section in degree four del Pezzo surfaces. This is joint work with Joerg Jahnel. - Amalia Pizarro Madariaga

Universidad de Valparaíso, ChileIrreducible characters with bounded root Artin conductorLet $K$ be an algebraic number field such that $K/\mathbb{Q}$ is Galois and let $\chi$ be the character of a linear representation of $Gal(K/\mathbb{Q})$. The Artin conductor $f_{\chi}$ of $\chi$ is given by \begin{equation*} f_{\chi}=\prod_{p\nmid\infty}p^{f_p(\chi)} \end{equation*} with $$f_{p}(\chi)=\frac{1}{|G_0|}\sum_{j\geq 0}(|G_j|\chi(1)-\chi(G_j)),$$ where $G_i$ is the $i$-th ramification group of $K_{\mathfrak{b}}/\mathbb{Q}_p$ with $\mathfrak{b}$ a prime over $p$ and $\chi(G_j)=\sum_{g\in G_j}\chi(g).$ In this talk, we will prove that the growth of the Artin conductor is at most, exponential in the degree of the character. - Emanuel Carneiro

IMPA, BrazilFourier optimization problems in number theoryFourier optimization problems appear naturally within several different fields of mathematics, particularly in analysis and number theory. These are problems in which one imposes certain conditions on a function and its Fourier transform, and then wants to optimize a certain quantity. A recent example is given in the proof of the optimal sphere packing in dimensions 8 and 24. In this talk I want to show how certain optimization problems of this sort appear in the theory of the Riemann zeta-function, prime gaps and weighted inequalities. - Arindam Roy

Rice University, USAOn the distribution of imaginary parts of zeros of derivatives of the Riemann $\xi$-functionLet $\xi(s)$ be the completed Riemann zeta-function. It is known that the Riemann hypothesis of $\xi(s)$ implies the Riemann hypothesis of $\xi^{(m)}(s)$, where $m$ is a positive integer. We investigate some results on the distribution of imaginary parts of zeros of $\xi^{(m)}(s)$. We also obtain a zero density result of $\xi^{(m)}(s)$. - Nathan Ng

University of Lethbridge, CanadaThe sixth moment of the Riemann zeta function and ternary additive divisor sumsHardy and Littlewood initiated the study of the 2k-th moments of the Riemann zeta function on the critical line. In 1918 Hardy and Littlewood established an asymptotic formula for the second moment and in 1926 Ingham established an asymptotic formula for the fourth moment. In this talk we consider the sixth moment of the zeta function on the critical line. We show that a conjectural formula for a certain family of ternary additive divisor sums implies an asymptotic formula for the sixth moment. This builds on earlier work of Ivic and of Conrey-Gonek. - Piper Harron

University of Hawaii, USAShapes of Galois Quartic Number FieldsIt is known that the shapes of $S_4$-quartic number fields are equidistributed in the space of shapes of rank 3 lattices. What happens if we restrict ourselves to Galois quartics? The Galois automorphisms force the shapes to live in lower-dimensional subspaces. We determine the shapes of Galois quartic fields, finding that where they lie depends on the Galois group and the ramification of 2. We also study the distribution of these shapes in these subspaces. This work is joint with Robert Harron. - Ari Shnidman

Boston College, USAQuadratic twists of an elliptic curve admitting a 3-isogenyI'll present joint work with Manjul Bhargava, Zev Klagsbrun, and Robert Lemke Oliver. Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over a number field, and assume $E$ has a rational subgroup of order 3. We prove that as you vary over all quadratic twists of $E$, the average rank of these twists is bounded. Over $\mathbb{Q}$, we further show that a positive proportion of twists have rank 0 and, assuming finiteness of Sha, that a positive proportion have rank 1. We also construct many twist families with a large proportion of twists having large Sha. The bounds in these results depend on the reduction types of the curves and are completely explicit. - Olga Balkanova

University of Turku, FinlandNon-vanishing of automorphic L-functions in the weight aspectIn this talk, we show that the percentage of primitive cusp forms of level one and weight $4k\rightarrow \infty$, $k \in \mathbf{N} $ for which the associated $L$-function at the central point is no less than $(\log{k})^{-2}$ is at least $20\%$ for an individual weight and at least $50\%$ on average. The key ingredients of our proof are the Kuznetsov convolution formula and the Liouville-Green method. This is a joint work with Dmitry Frolenkov. - Luis Lomeli

Universidad de Valparaíso, ChileAsai cube L-functions and the local Langlands correspondence(Joint with Guy Henniart). Let $F$ be a non-Archimedean locally compact field, and let $E$ be a cubic separable extension of $F$. Let $\bf H$ be a simply connected quasi-split semisimple group over $F$ of type $D_4$, with triality corresponding to $E$, and let $\bf L$ be its Levi subgroup with derived group ${\rm Res}_{E/F} {\rm SL}_2$. To any irreducible smooth generic representation $\pi$ of ${\rm GL}_2(E)$, the Langlands-Shahidi method applied to $({\bf H},{\bf L})$ attaches an Asai cube $L$-function and related local factors. If $\sigma$ is the Weil-Deligne representation corresponding to $\pi$ via the Langlands correspondence, we prove that Asai cube local factors for $\pi$ are the local factors for the Weil-Deligne representation obtained from $\sigma$ via tensor induction from $E$ to $F$. A consequence is that Asai cube $\gamma$- and $\varepsilon$-factors become stable under twists by highly ramified characters. - Leo Goldmakher

Williams College, USAThe P\'{o}lya-Vinogradov InequalityThe famous P\'{o}lya-Vinogradov inequality for character sums was proved a century ago, but for the past sixty years it's been overshadowed by a different character sum bound due to Burgess. In this talk I will try to explain why you should still care about P\'{o}lya-Vinogradov. - Victor Cuauhtémoc Garcia

Metropolitan Autonomous University, MexicoAdditive basis with coefficients of newformsLet $f(z)=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}a(n) e^{2\pi i nz}$ be a normalized Hecke eigenform in $S_{2k}^{\text{new}}(\Gamma_0(N))$ with integer Fourier coefficients. In this talk, we prove that there exists a constant $C(f)>0$ such that any integer is a sum of at most $C(f)$ coefficients $a(n)$. - Ayla Gafni

University of Rochester, USAPair correlation statistics in subsets of the integersGiven $\mathcal{A}\subset \mathbb{N}$ and $\alpha\in \mathbb{R}$, it is often of interest to consider pair correlations of the set $\alpha \mathcal{A}$ and their distribution modulo $1$. Denote by $A_N$ the first $N$ elements of $\mathcal A$. We say that $\mathcal{A}$ is "metric Poissonian" if \begin{equation*} \frac{1}{N}\sum_{\substack{a,b \in A_N \\ a\ne b}} {1}_{[-s/N, s/N]} (\{\alpha(a-b)\}) \rightarrow 2s \quad\mbox{as}\quad N\rightarrow\infty, \end{equation*} for almost all $\alpha$ and for all fixed $s$, where $\{x\}=x-\lfloor x \rfloor$ denotes the fractional part of $x$. The metric Poissonian property is a stronger notion of equidistibution modulo 1, and is closely related to the additive energy of the set. Indeed, Aistleitner, Larcher, and Lewko have shown that if the additive energy satisfies $E(A_N) = O(N^{3-\varepsilon})$ then $\mathcal{A}$ is metric Poissonian. In an appendix to the same paper, Bourgain gives that $\mathcal{A}$ cannot be metric Poissonian if $\limsup_{n\rightarrow\infty} E(A_N) N^{-3}>0$. In this talk, we will discuss ways in which density and additive energy can be used to determine whether a set $\mathcal{A}\subset\mathbb{N}$ has the metric Poissonian property. This is joint work with Thomas Bloom, Sam Chow, and Aled Walker. - Sun Kim

University of Illinois, USASums of squares and Bessel functionsIn 1934, the Russian mathematician A. I. Popov stated, but did not rigorously prove, a beautiful series transformation involving $r_k(n)$ and certain Bessel functions. We provide a proof of this identity for the first time, as well as for another identity, which can be regarded as both an analogue of Popov's identity and an identity involving $r_2(n)$ from Ramanujan's lost notebook. Furthermore, we establish a new transformation between a series consisting of $r_k(n)$ and a product of two Bessel functions, and a series involving $r_k(n)$ and the Gaussian hypergeometric function. This transformation can be considered as a massive generalization of well-known results of G. H. Hardy, and of A. L. Dixon and W. L. Ferrar. This is joint work with B. C. Berndt, A. Dixit and A. Zaharescu. - Amanda Tucker

University of Rochester, USAStatistics of genus numbers of cubic fieldsThe genus number of a number field is the degree of the maximal unramified extension of the number field that is obtained as a compositum of the field with an abelian extension of Q. We will explain our proof that $96.2\%$ of cubic fields have genus number one and, if time permits, talk about some applications. This represents joint work with Kevin McGown. - Jhon Jairo Bravo Grijalba

University of Cauca, ColombiaLinear forms in k-Fibonacci sequencesFor an integer $k\geq 2$, we consider the $k-$Fibonacci sequence $(F_{n}^{(k)})_{n}$ which starts with $0,\ldots,0,1$ ($k$ terms) and each term afterwards is the sum of the $k$ preceding terms. In this talk, we report about some arithmetic properties of $(F_{n}^{(k)})_{n}$ and study some Diophantine equations involving $k-$Fibonacci numbers. This is a joint work with Carlos Gómez and Florian Luca.